For her Master’s, my dear Ana Ligia Silva has carried out a needs analysis for the Brazilian Air Demonstration Squadron. You can download her thesis in Portuguese from the GEIA (Aviation English Research Group based in Brazil) website here.
Silva, A.L. (2016). Uma análise de necessidades de uso da língua inglesa por oficiais aviadores do Esquadrão de Demonstração Aérea da Força Aérea Brasileira [A needs analysis of English language use by aviators in the Brazilian Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron]. (Master thesis). Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.
Here’s the abstract:
Although the interest in studies into the necessary English for international aviation has been growing, it still can be noticed that there is a gap in research on the needs for the use of English by pilots from the Brazilian military aviation. In this study we conducted a language needs analysis for the usage of English by Aviator Officers of the Air Demonstration Squadron (EDA) of the Brazilian Air Force (FAB), popularly known as “Smoke Squadron”. EDA’s mission is to represent the Brazilian Air Force and Brazil through air shows. Among its various responsibilities EDA represents FAB abroad as a diplomatic tool, and it spreads the media policy of the Air Force Command (COMAER). Through a qualitative research, we developed a case study in which we employed various methodological procedures, such as nonstructured and semistructured interviews, focus groups, document analysis and observation, and we heard several participants – Pilots in Activity, Veteran Pilots and English teachers from the Brazilian Air Force Academy (AFA). The Present Situation Analysis (PSA) showed that the speaking ability in English – for specific purposes (ESP), and for general purposes (EGP) – has not been directly assessed. Nevertheless, the results show that all the 13 Pilots in Activity from EDA held, during the study, the so-called “Card S”, which proves proficiency in EGP, according to the parameters established by COMAER. The Target Situation Analysis (TSA) demonstrates that the English language needed by the group is multifaceted. It includes the usage of standard phraseology for flight communication between pilots and air traffic controllers, in routine situations, and plain English for non-routine situations. On ground situation, there is evidence of need for the usage of general English (EGP) and specific vocabulary for aviation, in the performance of administrative and operational tasks. Similarly, EGP and specific vocabulary for aviation are required for interaction with the public, the press, authorities, members of other teams, among other parties, and also during exchange visits and the welcoming of international visits at the group’s headquarters. The results also indicate that communications may occur by various means, such as radiotelephony, face to face and electronic media. The most needed skills to the group are listening and speaking, both during flight and on the ground, in ESP and EGP. In some cases, the reading and writing abilities become also necessary. This study provides theoretical and practical discussions about teaching and assessing English for aviation in the Brazilian military sphere, which can support the development of courses, syllabuses, production of teaching materials, specialized training for English teachers, and give rise to new studies about methodological aspects which may be useful to conduct further language needs analyses, in the military context or not.